Educational inequality refers to the unequal dispersal of academic resources. Presently, the quality of education one receives is dependant on the amount of money they are paying for the service. This puts economically weak people at a position of disadvantage. They are denied quality education. In India, private schools generally provide significantly better education with respect to the faculty, infrastructure and facilities in schools that government schools. Government schools and schools in rural areas rarely provide the required standards of education. It is imperative to improve the quality of public educational institutions in India to provide satisfactory education to all.
Wildlife is a vital part of our ecosystem. Wildlife includes all animals and other organisms. Many animals are in the danger of extinction and need to be saved. The purpose of wildlife conservation is to protect wild flora and fauna against the encroachment of expanding human activity. The planet’s human population grew by 1.6 billion people between 1990 and 2010 (30% growth rate). The increasing amounts of commercial activity hampers the survival of wild flora and fauna. Organizations like WWF, Wildlife Conservation Network are steadfastly working towards conserving wildlife.
Deterioration to the environment caused by the depletion of resources causes environmental degradation. Environmental degradation is a large threat faced by the world today. Human activities result in the usage of natural resources at a faster pace than they are replenished by the earth. Deforestation, pollution, global warming and animal extinction result in destruction of the environment at a fast pace. Air pollution, water pollution, improper garbage disposal etc are all challenges for India. Environmental issues are one of the primary causes of disease, health issues and long-term livelihood impact for India. Each of us must respect our environment and help conserve it.
Most disabled people are alienated from society and denied opportunities due to their disabilities. They often receive differential treatment and are ridiculed. Not only is this a cruel and inhuman practice, it is also unfair and discriminatory. Rather than denying opportunities to those with disabilities, they must be provided with extra opportunities to help them overcome their disabilities and lead normal lives. Implementation of the Universal Design, which provides for making all public places accessible to the elderly, people with disabilities and people without disabilities. Building ramps and accessible toilets in public areas is an important first step towards inclusion.
Development of the public healthcare sector is an essential step towards providing satisfactory healthcare to all. The existing facilities available in India’s healthcare are insufficient for the large population of the country. This scenario is especially bad in rural India. Shortage of doctors and affordability are common factors that deny quality healthcare to many citizens of our country. Proper healthcare can reduce unnatural deaths and increase life expectancy. Many medical ailments can be controlled if the right treatment is provided in time. Technological advancements and upgrading infrastructure can aid the improvement of healthcare. Let’s honour everyone’s right to health and medical attention.
Forest restoration calls for accelerating the process of repairing and reforesting forests. It includes preserving and protecting remaining parts of the forest and increasing vegetation. The need for forest restoration arises due to destruction caused in forests by deforestation, imbalance in the ecosystem and other human activities. Extensive work towards restoration has been undertaken in the Western Ghats in India, due to the serious degradation of the forests in the region which preceded it. The current coverage of forests in India is 9%, which is far from the target of 33%. Restore our forests, restore the Earth.
Road safety refers to measures that ensure the safety of road users. This includes pedestrians and vehicle drivers. More than a million people die on roads worldwide each year. A majority of these are due to accidents and crashes on roads, which are predominantly caused due to carelessness and improper roads. Road safety is an essential life and survival skill which must be provided to everyone that commutes via roads. It can drastically reduce the number of accidents on roads and save many lives. Primarily, road safety entails a shift in the perspective of commuters, making them more responsible.
Improvement in the quality of air can be achieved by taking measures against air pollution. Besides deteriorating the Earth’s atmosphere, air pollution damages the health of people causing lung infections and diseases. Polluted air was responsible for 6·4 million deaths worldwide in 2015, highlighting the need for prompt action against it. Air Pollution is a major issue in India, particularly in cities like New Delhi, Patna and Allahabad. Vehicular emissions and fuel and biomass burning are the leading causes for the same. Studies have shown that an average Indian has 30% lower lung function than a European. Burning crop fields is another major cause of air pollution in India. Air pollution can be combatted by each of us by encouraging walking, cycling and use of public transport in place of using private vehicles. Let’s make the air breathable again.
Energy is used for most activities in our day-to-day lives. Energy conservation is reducing and conserving the amount of energy we consume. Proper energy conservation can be achieved by efficiently using and reducing the usage of energy. Doing so provides against depletion of natural resources and is beneficial to the environment. In India, The Energy Conservation Act (EC Act) was implemented in 2001 which aims to reduce energy consumption across the country. Each of us can take small steps towards consuming energy and saving the environment. We must all ensure we use energy judiciously.
Usage of drugs often leads to an addiction to the same. The dangers of addiction are many. It is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control- despite harmful consequences. Repeated drug use can lead to serious changes in the user’s brain- affecting their self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs, as reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Substance abuse and addiction can be treated by psychological and medical help. Usage of substance is popular in some Indian states, especially Punjab. We must all pledge against the usage of drugs and work towards making India drug free.
Human Rights are the fundamental rights of all laid down and protected by the united nations. These are norms that establish behavioural standard. All human beings are entitled to these rights by mere virtue of being human beings. These rights include but are not limited to the right to life, liberty, freedom and education. The objective of forming these rights was to set a minimum standard of living that everyone may enjoy. They are granted to all individuals, irrespective of gender, nationality, religion, race etc. These rights are protected as legal rights under the international law.
Women Empowerment entails treating and considering women to be equal to men in all aspects and helping them tap their full potential. Historically, women have been oppressed across the world; emphasising the need for their upliftment. Empowering women implies promoting their participation in economic, political and social activities and can help achieve goals of development and sustainability. The first step towards empowering women is restoring their rightful status in society and providing them with opportunities.
Millions of individuals worldwide do not have access to clean drinking water. Consuming dirty or impure water can cause various infections and harm one’s health. According to WaterAid UK report - more than 650 million of the world’s poorest people are living without access to drinking water. The World Bank estimates that 21 percent of communicable diseases in India are linked to unsafe water and the lack of hygiene practices. Building wells, damns and other water catchment systems can help provide clean water to all. Each of us can take small steps towards water conservations by practicing rain water harvesting and ensuring we do no waste any water. Save water, save the lives of millions.
The primary objective of Disaster Management is minimising loss of life and property in times of disasters and distress. This can be accomplished by organisation and proper implementation of resources in case of and before emergency situations. The purpose of disaster management is ensuring survival and safety during natural and man-made disasters. It helps reduce the death rate, trauma faced by victims of the disaster and destruction caused. National Disaster Management Authority, has been set up in India to respond to crisis situations and provide relief. It is essential that everyone undergoes basic training in relation to disaster management so that they can safeguard themselves and others in catastrophic situations.
Gender Equality entails treating men and women as equals in every respect. It provides for no discrimination on the basis of sex and equal opportunities for all. Historically, women have been oppressed and thus are considered to be the inferior or weaker sex. It thus is imperative to take measures to uplift their position in society so that they may enjoy the same status as men. Women have been subject to many harmful and degrading practices in the past in India. They have been forced to give dowry at the time of marriage, were denied education and the opportunity to work etc. For men and women to truly be equal, a change in mindset among all citizens is necessary.
In many parts of India, primarily rural India, girls are denied education. They are forced to work at home while their male counterparts go to school. Besides being terribly oppressive and unfair towards girls, it further denies them access to opportunities that could potentially aid them in reducing the disparity between men and women. The right to education is a basic human right that must be granted to all, irrespective of gender. Give girls their chance, promote education for the girl child.
Maternal Healthcare is providing adequate healthcare facilities to women during and after pregnancy. Many women undergo immense pain and suffering during the childbearing process, occasionally resulting in the death. Many women in India do not have access to proper medical facilities. The maternal mortality rate in India has been declining which is a positive sign. However, many women die due to treatable conditions. Improving the sexual, reproductive, physical and mental health of all women thus is necessary. Let us all vow to save pregnant women and mothers undergoing distress and medical complications.
Skill Development refers to developing and enhancing skills in individuals. It ensures a stable income and job security. Skill Development can be an effective tool in improving the economic conditions of individuals and can help bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. Skill India Mission has greatly benefitted citizens from the lower strata of society. However, many people are still without jobs in our country, despite having the will to work. Thus, it is important to provide everyone with adequate skills so that they can be employed and live in a respectable manner.
Violence against women is seen in the form of rape, domestic violence, post marital rape, female infanticide, female foeticide, dowry violence, sexual harassment, forced prostitution etc. Each of these horrifying acts are gender-based and are committed solely because the victim is a woman. Women have been considered to be an inferior sex since times immemorial and thus have been subject to many atrocities. It is imperative for us all to take steps towards making our country and this world a safer place for women.
Sustainability is the maintenance of natural resources at a certain rate or level. It is essential to perform all productive activities in a sustainable manner to provide against the depletion of natural resources. Currently, human activities result in the depletion of natural resources at a higher rate than the replenishment of the same in nature. Sustainable development must be undertaken to preserve the environment and planet. Global warming, pollution and depletion of natural resources harm the environment greatly.